The 8 Principles of Ecotourism
The 8 Principles of Ecotourism
October 12, 2018



The principles applied to ecotourism might differ from one country to another but will mostly follow the same concepts.

In general ecotourism principles include several fundamental issues such as:

  • waste management
  • energy minimisation
  • site disturbance
  • visual, sound, and air impacts
  • impacts & stress on wildlife
  • the social impact on visitors and local populations and how your interpretation can affect their interactions and understanding of the natural environment and each other.


According to the International Ecotourism Society, Ecotourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel. This means that those who implement, participate in, and market ecotourism activities should adopt the following ecotourism principles:

  1. Minimize physical, social, behavioral, and psychological impacts.
  2. Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect.
  3. Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts.
  4. Provide direct financial benefits for conservation.
  5. Generate financial benefits for both local people and private industry.
  6. Deliver memorable interpretative experiences to visitors that help raise sensitivity to host countries’ political, environmental, and social climates.
  7. Design, construct and operate low-impact facilities.
  8. Recognize the rights and beliefs of the Indigenous People in your community and work in partnership with them to create empowerment.