Nature Based Tourism Explained
Nature Based Tourism Explained
October 12, 2018


Essentially, any tourism activity that has natural attractions as its basis can be considered nature-based tourism.   Ecotourism and adventure

tourism can overlap; however. not all adventure tourism can be considered ecotourism since the latter is an area that requires educational

emphasis as well as sustainable practice.


Areas that can be included under nature-based tourism can be generally divided up as:

  • Captive – aquariums, zoos, wildlife parks, botanical gardens
  • Extractive – hunting, fishing, fossilizing, picking
  • Contemplative – bird watching, nature observation outdoor education, outdoor research
  • Sun, Sea, Surf – surfing, swimming, boating, sailing
  • Adventure – climbing, mountaineering, rafting, caving
  • Health – nature retreats/spas


In general, adventure tourism usually involves an element of risk, physical exertion and use of certain skills.


It is important to note that bringing tourists to any natural environment without proper management will have a negative impact on the

tour.  For example, when trekking or climbing mountains where there are few resources for the large number of adventurers, people will

remember seeing toilet paper, water bottles, food wrappers, gas cylinders, and oxygen containers thrown around.

While these tourists are seeking an authentic ecotourism experience, the reality will somewhat be different from their expectations.   Not

only will there be environmental consequences, but the unfavourable experience will also have a negative impact on their own perception of

the place and thus diminishing word-of-mouth and return visitors.